What Is a Yagi Antenna?

A Yagi antenna, also known as a Yagi-Uda array, is a directional antenna with a distinctive design featuring multiple elements. It comprises various parallel elements arranged along a boom, typically including a driven element, a reflector, and one or more directors. This configuration allows it to transmit or receive radio waves in a specific direction.

How Does a Yagi Antenna Work?

Operational Principle

The Yagi antenna operates based on the principle of constructive and destructive interference of electromagnetic waves. The driven element, connected to the transmitter or receiver, generates electromagnetic waves. The reflector element, positioned behind the driven element, reflects and focuses waves forward. The directors in front of the driven component help focus and direct the waves, enhancing the antenna’s directional properties.

Elements of a Yagi Antenna

Driven Element

The driven element is the primary radiator connected to the transmission line or receiver. It generates radio waves when an electrical current passes through it, initiating the signal transmission or reception process.

Reflector Element

Positioned behind the driven element, the reflector element reflects radio waves emitted by the driven element. Its size and distance from the driven element are crucial in determining the directionality and gain of the antenna.

Director Elements

The director elements, located in front of the driven element, aid in focusing the radio waves in a specific direction by constructive interference. Their lengths and positioning contribute to the antenna’s directional characteristics.

What Is a Yagi Antenna Used For?


Yagi antennas are widely used in various applications due to their directional properties. They are favored in radio and television broadcasting, wireless communication systems, point-to-point communication, and long-range reception, where precise directionality and gain are essential.

How To Install and Test a Yagi Antenna

Installation Steps

Location Selection: Choose an elevated location free from obstructions and interference.

Mounting: Secure the Yagi antenna on a stable mast or pole, ensuring proper alignment.

Cabling: Connect the antenna to the receiver or transmitter using appropriate cables.

Directional Alignment: Adjust the antenna’s direction for optimal signal reception or transmission.


Signal Strength: Use a signal meter or receiver to gauge signal strength.

Signal Quality: Assess the clarity and stability of the received signals.

Range Testing: Verify the effective range of the antenna by testing signals at varying distances and angles.


In conclusion, the Yagi antenna’s design and functionality make it an invaluable tool in radio communication and signal reception. Its directional properties, consisting of driven, reflector, and director elements, enable focused transmission or reception of radio waves. The Yagi antenna’s versatility finds applications in diverse fields, ranging from broadcasting to wireless communication systems, where its directional gain and reliable performance are highly prized. Understanding its setup, elements, and testing methods aids in maximizing its efficiency for various communication needs.


What is Yagi antenna used for?

The Yagi antenna, also known as a Yagi-Uda array, is extensively used in various applications due to its directional properties and ability to focus radio waves in a specific direction.

What is the frequency range of Yagi antenna? 

Yagi antennas can cover a wide range of frequencies, typically spanning from a few megahertz (MHz) to several gigahertz (GHz). The frequency range can start from around 30 MHz or lower, extending up to 3 GHz, 6 GHz, or even higher in some specialized designs.

Is Yagi antenna unidirectional?

Yes, the Yagi antenna is predominantly unidirectional, focusing its signal transmission or reception in one main direction for enhanced gain and efficiency.

Why is it called a Yagi antenna?

The Yagi antenna is named after its inventor, Hidetsugu Yagi, a Japanese electrical engineer who developed this directional antenna design in the 1920s.

Why is Yagi important?

Yagi antennas are crucial for their directional focus, providing enhanced signal strength and reliable long-range communication in various applications.

How long is a Yagi antenna?

The length of a Yagi antenna varies based on design and frequency. Typically, it ranges from a few inches to several feet for different bands.




SRFS Teleinfra

SRFS Teleinfra specializes in designing and manufacturing passive devices. SRFS team has years of experience assisting customers world wide with their RF and microwave component requirements. R&D is our highest priority, resulting in superior products at fair prices


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